Presidential Election Update - 18.11.2019
Presidential Election on 16th of November is one of most peaceful elections in Sri Lanka. Mr Gotabhaya Rajapaksha was selected as the president of Sri Lanka with 52.3 % clear mandate from Sri Lankans.
Sri Lanka is moving towards an Election Period. It is announced that presidential election to be held on 16th of November 2019. This is going to be the nationwide most competitive election. However, this is going to be the start of a wave of elections.
Waves of Elections
Presidential election is the most decisive election in Sri Lanka. Since the president has executive powers ( They were substantially reduced by reforms) whatever the party wins the presidency has more power to control the country. Especially there is more possibility to win the parliamentary election (2nd biggest) when a new president was elected from an election. All most all the candidates in 2019 are freshers and the party will have the best opportunity to win the elections to come.
How Sri Lankan Election System Work
If you are interested to know about the election system and how public react during them, you can read this part or else you can skip to the next section.
There are 4 major elections are taking place in Sri Lanka.
- Presidential Election
- Parliamentary Election
- Provincial Council Elections
- Local Authority Members Election
(Please refer https://elections.gov.lk/web/en/ for more)
President of Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan president has executive powers on decision making. Even though 20th amendment to the constitution have substantially controlled the power, still the president has the authority to appoint commanders three forces, solicitor general and secretaries to the ministries. Therefore the election to select the president is the most decisive political event in Sri Lanka.
Presidential Election is held every 4-5 years in Sri lanka.
Sri Lanka parliament have 225 seats.
Out of 225 seats, 196 members will be selected from the general election in 22 electoral districts of Sri Lanka. Balance 29 members are allocated proportionally for each party based on the number of votes they get from the election and the parties can appoint an independent person as a member of the parliament.
The current parliament need to be resolved on or before August 2020. However, since none of the parties have parliamentary majority seats, it is most likely to dissolve the parliament very soon after finishing the presidential election in November 2019.
Sri Lanka has divided into 9 provinces considering the ethnic demography, geography, historical social development etc. as a step of power-sharing among the minorities of Sri Lanka. Provincial councils has regional authority powers on specific areas such as schools, health, transport etc. Please read here for more information on power-sharing structure. Provincial council has linked to the executive presidency is from the governor and chief minister is the political leader of a province. There are provincial ministers for some sectors of the province.
All the provincial councils have expired from 09th of September 2019 and there are few provinces that expired for more than a year. (News Link). Therefore soon after the presidential election, it is expected to declare the provincial council election.
Local council is at the bottom of the political structure of Sri Lanka. There are 341 total number of local authorities in Sri Lanka (24 municipal councils, 41 urban councils and 276 divisional councils). Please read here for more information.
Since the local authority’s is the closest authority for the locals, people consider on local levels when it comes to local council elections.
Types of Different Elections
1. Presidential Election
As I have mentioned above, this is the most competitive election in Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan elections used to be violent years ago but it has changed now, especially around after the year 2000 as the community is more educated on democratic system and its applications. However, because of the competition, during the pre-election campaigns, there are lots of meetings and rallies will take place all around the country. Most of the mass meetings will take place in public places such as grounds, city open spaces and therefore, it can create traffic jams around the area. It is advised to avoid all these election rallies or meetings.
2. Parliamentary Election
As the second competitive election which will elect 196 members for the parliament, parliamentary election also gather lots of crowds for rallies and meetings. Unlike the presidential election, parliamentary election is more targeting on districts of the country, therefore more events can be seen outside the main cities.
3. Provincial Council Elections
Provincial Council Elections can take place one or more provinces of the country in a single day. Sometimes, most of the provinces elections held in a single day. Most of the regional politicians compete for the seats and therefore it has a regional importance than a national importance.
Comparing to the presidential and parliamentary elections, less money involved and therefore events are also lower than them.
4. Local Councils Election
Local election has only local importance and most of the local individuals are competing with each other for the council positions. Other than a few mass rallies which are taking place to show the political party’s strength, most of the other meetings are not lot crowded. It hardly affects the day-to-day lives of the people, but it is advised to avoid any mass public gatherings during the election period.
Precautions You Must Follow
1. Avoid Any Gatherings
Even Though the recent Sri Lankan Elections are comparatively peaceful, it is advised to avoid any place which has a possibility of violent eruption. Large gatherings have the potential to convert to election violence.
2. Avoid Main Cities
Most of the election tension is witnessed around the main cities such as Colombo, Kandy, Galle etc. It is advised to avoid these cities or be vigilant when you visit city areas.
3. Election Celebrations Warnings
As a country of cricket, Sri Lankans are also like to celebrate election wins. Within 1 or 2 days any election declare the winners and most of the celebration will take place in public places like towns or roads. It is advised to avoid any place where you could see a celebration is happening.
4. Be Inside On The Election Day Evening
Election day’s evening can be crucial as it is the day of releasing a huge social stress developed for a time. It is advised to avoid night outs or night events on this day.
5. Beware of Curfew
If there is any social unrest (most unlikely to happen) police curfew can take place in Sri Lanka. If in case, curfew is declared, please be inside your hotels and do not go out. If you have departure flights during any of the curfew times, police will allow you to travel to the airport.
In an Event of Emergency
By an any chance if you get in to a situation of election violence, there are few things that you need to think similar to any emergency situation. The best action is always depend on the context but make sure secure yourself by staying inside where you are ex – hotel or restaurant or drive away from the situation. 119 is the general emergency police number and you can also dial 1912 which is designated Tourist Police service.
Normally, Sri Lankan locals are very much helpful during an emergency situation. However, please do extra care on your valuables if you are in a place with huge crowd.
Election violence in Sri Lanka is not common nowadays, while travel during the elections of Sri Lanka it is advised to get precautions to avoid such situations. Awareness and vigilance will make you 100% safe at any time.